Vulvovaginal yeast infection

Causes and prevention strategies

Posted by Dr. Yahya MS on December 25, 2019

About 70% of women have had yeast infection in their life. This infection is caused by an overgrowth of fungus called candida. It causes itching and irritation of the vulva (outer lips of the vagina). 

What are the symptoms of yeast infection?

o  Vulval itching
o  Pain, redness or irritation of the vulva and vagina
o  Pain during sexual intercourse
o  Whitish cord like vaginal discharge, that is thick

What are the risk factors for vulvovaginal yeast infection?

The fungi that causes the infection normally lives in the vagina. They do not normally cause symptoms. Conditions that increases the vaginal pH or reduces the woman’s immunity predisposes to yeast infection. These include
o  Use of broad spectrum antibiotics
o  Pregnancy
o  Stress
o  Diabetis mellitus
o  HIV/AIDs
o  Tight-fitting under wears
o  Douching
o  Use of high doses of birth control pills
o  Use of vaginal sprays or deodorants

How is yeast infection treated?

Yeast infection can be confirmed by taking vaginal swab. The treatment includes the use of drugs which can be taken orally, rub on the vulva and the vagina, or as tablet to be inserted into the vagina. Most women respond to the treatment.
However, recurrence is common.

How to prevent vaginal yeast infection

o  Avoid taking broad spectrum antibiotics unless prescribed by medical professional
o  Use cotton underwear instead of nylon
o  Practice good hygiene
o  Avoid scented sprays and deodorants
o  Douching is not recommended
o  When cleaning, always wipe from front to back. Never the other way
o  During menses change your pads regularly